Latest Issue: Volume 66,
Issue 4, Special Issue - Building the Future Now - Part 2
Egypt is facing a huge financial problem reflected on the difficulty of funding public projects either in construction and infrastructure sectors. One of the approaches for such problem is to work cooperatively with private sectors in the form of PublicPrivate Partnership Projects (PPP). This approach, however, is facing a number of challenges. This paper, thus, aims at providing a factor analysis for the establishment of PPP in Egypt through extracting lessons learned in other countries. A literature review has been done to analyze existing factors, followed by a qualitative study of case studies. Finally, a survey questionnaire was conducted on a purposeful sample of 55 stakeholders, either from private or public sectors in order to prioritize and verify factors affecting the success or failure of PPP projects in terms of their severity and impact in Egypt. Results of this paper indicated that bureaucracy, corruption, poor enabling policies and inefficient feasibility studies are among the major barriers that face PPP in Egypt, whereas achieving a reliable contractual structure and political support are the main potentials. Findings of this paper are valuable to stakeholders, decision makers and policy makers in Egypt, as it could guide their thinking towards achieving successful PPP Projects.
Our earth is a living body that has energy veins flowing all over, just like the human body where blood flows from and to the heart. These natural earth energies are as old as the earth existence and interact with everything on its surface. They were believed to have either a healing effect in “Power Spots” or a stressful effect in “Geopathic Stress Zones” that can change the normal functioning of human beings and damage their health. Thousands of years ago, these energies’ effects were considered during designing the built environment. This no longer takes place although recent research discovered that the urban ambiance is badly affected by electromagnetic radiation from different sources. Moreover, one of the main objectives of urban design is bringing to the user a sense of wellbeing and emotional satisfaction. The paper argues that respecting the natural earth energies during the design process will affect the wellbeing of the users. Consequently, the paper undergoes an exploratory process through a survey in Al-Sultan Hassan mosque using observations and a structured questionnaire to investigate this relationship. The survey confirmed that following the earth energy grids in the design affects the visitors positively and enhances their abilities and wellbeing.
One of the most important problems that concern those interested in heritage is the deterioration of urban and architectural heritage in many Egyptian villages and cities. This problem is due to the rapid urbanization in Egypt which causes local and regional changes that have bad impact on the urban heritage. It is necessary to preserve the historical heritage because of its national wealth and its historical, cultural, economic and social values. Dealing with these heritage areas should achieve the balance between preserving the urban and architectural heritage and the developing sustainable tourism in these areas. One of the most important methods of sustainable development of these heritage areas is the community participation in the development projects. Therefore, the study aims to define urban and architectural heritage and conservation. It also aims to identify the role of the community participation in the different stages of conservation. It also aims to define the sustainable tourism development, its strategies and its relation with the heritage areas. The study analysis local and international examples of heritage areas to identify the most important problems and their solutions. The study ends up with conclusions and recommendations and a suggestion on sustainable tourism development of heritage areas.
Heritage sites represent the memory of the society, its culture and history, as well as the multiplicity of values, whether cultural, social, social, occupational or otherwise. Preservation of the integrity of the visual image of the heritage sites is one of the most challenges that face the urban designer to preserve the identity of the place. There are many influences and innovations that may affect this image including infill buildings that are built or added in these sites. The research questions how the infill design interact with the heritage context. The architects and urban designers differ in their visions and attitudes dealing with this issue, where some believe that fruitful interaction achieved through the integration of new buildings with the context, and others believe that the priority of infill design is to respond to its own time as architecture must always reflect its period. Therefore, the study aims at analysing some examples of buildings that were added in heritage sites that show the extent of the variation in the approach to dealing with the heritage context, beginning with the literal transfer of traditional architectural vocabulary through abstraction and simplification to the total contradiction with the context.
The bi-annual architectural event of Venice Biennale has been regarded as an international melting pot for various international visions and concepts. The current year’s theme for the Biennale, “FREESPACE” curated by Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara raises several questions related to the necessity of re-presenting “space”, how the different national pavilions reacted to the chosen theme, and how the pavilions of the Middle East specifically represented the issue of space. Thus, the paper will discuss the history of inauguration of the Architecture Biennale in Venice based on a literature review to reflect on the importance of the event. Following that, the theme of the cycle in 2018 will be analyzed based on two-fold streams, first is the main discussion introduced by the curators and second is the re-presentation of a selected number of national pavilions. A second discussion of literature will be presented to discuss the main concepts and philosophical debates, for instance: the quality of space, the generosity of architecture, humanity and architecture, celebrations of nature. Finally, analysis will be conducted on the work displayed in pavilions of Middle Eastern countries in order to re-question the position of our local definition of cultural production and the re-presentation of space.
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